Cold winter days are the most suitable period for transferring piles of compost in the garden, and for manuring with mineral fertilizers and manure. Roses should be checked regularly to see whether they are protected from the cold and whether they are in good condition.
If the snow had piled up in large amounts, conifers and other decorative bushes and smaller trees should be released of the snow burden by shaking. Summer plants (Pelargonium, Fuchsia, and Hanging Cauliflower) stored in the basement should be occasionally watered. Also, occasionally water the decorative plants in smaller barrels (Oleander, Myrtle, Aucuba).
Certain sorts of decorative wattle may be pruned as soon as in February. This, above all, refers to Rhododendron, Camellia, Hydrangea, Magnolia, and Peony. In doing this, you should be careful and remove only the dried, broken, damaged, or unnecessary twigs.
Decorative wattle that had not been pruned for a long time and looks uncared for may be rejuvenated by pruning within a two-year period. During the first year, when the temperature is not below 0 degrees, half of the old and inadequately grown sprouts should be pruned down to their base, as well as the thin twigs. Next winter, the leftover old sprouts should be pruned.
Roadside weed is treated with herbicides. During the second half of the month, roses should be hoed or untangled and properly pruned. Decorative trees and bushes that have not been pruned in the previous month should be pruned as soon as possible. People who gather medicinal plants start getting busy. Their time has come. It is time for oak lichen, coltsfoot, etc.
Summer plants (Begonia, Marigold, Petunia, Pelargonium, etc.) get planted in flower-beds, balcony railing planters, and other flowerpots, as well as bulbs and corms of Dahlia, Gladiolus, Freesia, Tuberous Begonia. Readymade substrates or fresh soil should be used for planting, one without any disease inducers or pests, i.e. one that has been chemically or thermally disinfected.
Hedges, decorative bushes, and trees get planted during April. New lawns get formed, existing ones get aired, fertilized, mown. Existing perrenials get fertiliyed, weed gets destroyed, watered per need. It is the time to start your anti-snail defense.
If needed, room plants get replanted. Experts recommend sowing grass during the second half of April, given that the soil is not too cold and moist, of course. For sowing, pick a dry day, with no wind. The recommended amount of seed is 40 to 60 grams per square meter. After sowing, it is necessary to flatten and water the sowed area. Old lawns should be mown for the first time, watered, and fertilized.
Special attention should be given to the maintenance of lawns in May. Once-per-week mowing begins in May. You should decrease the level of mowing, if needed, as summer approaches, to the summer level.
Out of all seasons, this is the best time for applying hormone herbicides (Velox, Lodin) to suppress broadleaf weed in the lawn. If it is a dry season, or it is expected to be, the lawn should be irrigated with a water sprinkler, with added foiliar fertilizers. It is also the time for hoeing the garden plants.
If the weather is warm and dry, you should also start the watering. It is also the final deadline for sowing of the summer flowers because there is no more danger of frosting. Rose buds should be pruned, and trees and bushes planted during the year should be watered. If you collect medicinal plants, there are plenty of them. During May you can collect oak lichen, coltsfoot, hawthorn, briar, violet, primrose, peony, plantain, hemlock, adonis, lily of the valley, chamomile, nettle, digitalis, melissa, thyme, linden, horsetail, sage, etc.
With the changing of season, from spring to summer, in June there comes a change in the garden as well. Simultaneously, as peonies, roses, and most of the seasonal flowers start to blossom, the dried flowers of decorative wattle get pruned, bulbs and biennials get hoed out of the ground. Tulips, crocuses, hyacinths, snowdrops, and other tuberous species that blossom in early spring, do not need to be taken out of the ground every year.
They can remain in the same place for up to 3 to 5 years, and in the meantime develop a massive bulb which will provide a sprout. After that period, they must be dug out after the above-ground parts wither, turn yellow, and start to dry. With the emergence of first rose flowers, you should start with their summer pruning. This refers to the regular removal of over matured flowers with two pairs of leaves. The cut should be 3 to 5 millimeters above the bud. In the case of multiflora roses, with flowers that are grouped, in clusters, each umbel should be removed as soon as it’s done blooming. Maintenance of the lawn continues, manuring, weed control if needed, watering, regular mowing.
Hoeing of hotbeds is recommended during July, because the watering and summer rains may create a crust which should be crushed in order to provide air flow into the soil. This is the month which is considered to be the most suitable for planting decorative wattle. Decorative plants planted in spring should be pruned slightly in order to establish a balance between the underground and aboveground parts.
Pruning of conifers is recommended during August. They should not be pruned flatly, but slightly diagonally upwards, so that the bottom part does not get bare quickly. All species of conifers may be planted and replanted, in case of young plants with well-developed roots. After the planting, plants should be firmly tightened with palettes and regularly watered.
At the end of the month, blossomed summer flowers should be removed from hotbeds. In the beginning of the month, biennial spring flowers should be planted. Conifers should be watered in large amounts, regardless of the rain, of we want them to successfully survive winter.
First dazs of autumn leave their mark in the garden as well. Most of the plants have over matured, and leaves on trees and bushes begin to turn yellow. This period should be used for various garden tasks and preparing the plants for winter rest.
During the entire month, bulbs of crocuces, hyacinths, daffodils, tulips, snowdrops, and pasqueflowers should be planted. Individual planting of these plants should be avoided because the best impression is gained by planting them in larger groups of certain species or combining them.
Immediately after planting the bulbs, they should be watered, because that will help them develop and form roots. Watering continues in case of a dry autumn season. During October, it is the best time for planting and replanting trees and bushes. Roses are also planted.
This is the last month in which the lawn get mown regularly – every 10 days. Bulbs of Begonias should not be watered anymore in order to force the plants to rest. Because of a lack of humidity, the leaves will dry, and by the end of the month, bulbs may be taken out of the ground.
Bulbs and gladiolas, taken out of the ground last month, should be completely dried, and then only the healthy and undamaged oones should be taken to a dry place safe from frosting. If they are to spend the winter in the ground, bulbs of daffodils, tulips, and hyacinths should be covered to prevent their dying. If you want to sow a new lawn in the garden in the spring, in November you should prepare the soil.
As soon as the leaves fall off, the decorative bushes should be hoed, and also pruned by the end of the month. Sensitive plants should be wrapped in hay or barren twigs to protect them from frost. November is the most suitable for planting and replanting pf decorative trees and bushes.
Even though, due to the cold, most of the garden plants rest, flower lovers are busy in December as well. In case of dry weather, pruning and rejuvenating of bushes may continue. Since the evergreen plants and conifers do not go well with winter, it is desirable to make up for the lack of humidity by watering. This specifically refers to seedlings planted in autumn.
Taking care of the lawn should not be forgotten during winter. This primarily refers to fertilizing, because in this period it has a significant importance for reproduction of clusters. For fertilizing, you should supply yourself with KAN, which you equally spread across the whole surface. One square meter requires 30 grams of this fertilizer.
Leaf-falling period is suitable for getting the wooden twigs of bushed ready for winter. They get pruned from the annuals and biennials and macerated in moss or sand. They remain there until spring, when they are planted in a permanent place in teh garden.